Photography Composition Techniques

Photography is a quite a complex field but with modern cameras carrying a wide array of technological advancements, even beginners can take professional photographs with relative ease. That being said, a great picture requires quality composition and if you are not familiar with the right technique, you could end up with a bunch of poor quality images that no one cares for. While many people rely on Photoshop and other editing software to improve their pictures, it will take more than that to produce professional grade imagery. If you are serious about professional photography, you will need to master the following basic composition techniques:

1- Keep things simple

Minimising the number of objects in your frame when you are taking pictures is one sure way of ensuring above average composition. Narrowing the depth of your field and focusing on just one main subject in your frame will create a clearer finish which in turn can help people point out the focus of your photo.

2- Sub-Framing is important

Frame elements, when added properly to your picture, can help direct viewer’s attention from distractions and allow them to focus on your image’s main subject. To put it simply, sub-framing makes your image more interesting. There are different types of frames you can use including rocks, tunnels or windows that will draw focus on the picture’s main subject and create better aesthetics.

3- Adjust image colours

Colour is a quite the useful tool if you are looking to create a stunning image. For example, bolder colours can draw attention to your subject while pastel colours enhance the overall visual of the image. Other colours like orange act as complimentary additions to balance out the image. In addition to all of this, you can change the temperatures of your colours to adjust overall aesthetics and emotions.

4- Contrast

Contrast works hand in hand with colour to better your image composition. It’s useful for many reasons such as framing your subject or revealing textures and details. Overall, you have to play with different colours and contrasts until you create the perfectly balanced finished result.

5- Keep the ‘Rule of Thirds’ in mind

Students of photography should be more than familiar with the Rule of Thirds. In general, it involves readjusting your subject and placing it away from the center to create natural compositions and to free up negative space that you can use creatively. This rule also allows you to take images that are angled differently, allowing for unique finishes.


Photograph composition is not that complex once you understand the basic techniques. As long as you follow the techniques we have listed above, you should be able to take good quality, professional photographs without any hassles.